Getting machines to mimic or even surpass human intellectual behavior and thinking methods has always been an imaginative and challenging scientific field. Recent major advances in artificial intelligence technology represented by driverless cars and the AlphaGo game have led to enthusiasm and a lot of money for the AI area. Considering the development foundations, existing problems and opportunities of Chinese AI, strategic considerations on the progress of this industry are continuously proposed for discussion and decision-making.
That web+ In the policy guidance statements issued by the State Council, it has been clearly stated that AI is one of the key development areas for creating new industrial models. Four ministries, along with the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Science and Technology, have jointly issued implementation plans web+.
The development plan was funded in three main aspects and nine sub-points. Smart homes, smart wearables and smart robots are becoming key projects to support development. The implementation plan clarifies development priorities and supports projects specific to the artificial intelligence industry, demonstrating that this area has been elevated to a national strategic level.
In view of the close attention from the state, increased investment in scientific research and a dividend injection for talent are expected to accelerate industrial transformation, as face recognition, speech recognition, intelligent robots and other application segments will continue to expand and further advance their commercialization.
AI has reached the peak of China’s national strategy, showing that there is a need to learn from the research practices of advanced Western countries in order to discuss, launch and implement the national plan.
In recent years, the United States of America, the European Union and Japan have successively launched numerous programs and huge investments, covering future information technology as well as medicine and neuroscience.
In the face of fierce international competition, China is learning from the experiences of the above and other countries across disciplines and industries. On the agenda is the implementation of a project that not only involves AI, but is also inextricably linked to the life sciences, especially neuroscience. As a result, more resources can be focused on solving urgent societal needs, such as the development of diagnostic and therapeutic methods for the prevention and treatment of brain diseases, especially neurodevelopmental disorders, mental illnesses, early detection and intervention in neurodegenerative diseases. The main research focus is on the working principle of the brain and on frontier areas in relation to the prevention and treatment of serious brain diseases.
As already seen, the basis of AI includes mathematics, physics, economics, neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, computing, cybernetics, linguistics, biology, cognitive science, bionics and other disciplines and their intersections. The topic of AI has a very broad and extremely rich research content, including cognitive modelling; Representation, Reasoning and Knowledge Engineering; machine cognition; machine thinking and learning; machine behavior; etc.
Different AI researchers examine such content from different angles. For example, those based on the simulation of brain functions; to the field of application and application system; on the system structure and supporting environment; on the distributed system of artificial intelligence; demonstration of the machine theorem; on uncertainty reasoning, etc. Chinese scholars have made some important achievements in the fields of machine theorem proofing, hierarchical knowledge representation and justification, automatic planning, iris and speech recognition, extension, evolutionary optimization, data mining (the process of extracting and discovering patterns in large datasets) achieved with methods ranging from the intersection of machine learning to statistics and database systems) etc. Chinese experts have great international influence in basic AI research. However, in general, the results are not sufficient, the scope is not wide, and the overall impact needs to be further improved.
AI fundamental research is the cornerstone for the sustainable development of the related technology, and only by laying solid foundations in it can we provide the driving force for vigorous development and comprehensive upgrading of its applications. Basic AI research must be comprehensively strengthened. Innovative multidisciplinarity must be promoted and taken into account in a future-oriented manner.
The demand for software is an inexhaustible source of technological innovation. AI is considered the fourth industrial revolution. His theme is three intelligences: factory, production and logistics. The main content of Made in China 2025 The plan is to set up a production line, establish a management and operation model, and start with the following five aspects: design, technology, production, service guarantee and management. The key role of AI technology in smart manufacturing can only be judged by the progress of these aspects.
The implementation of AI technology can be extended to all asset classes and themes. For example, the intelligent development of technology applied to industrial and mining enterprises includes five points:
1) Using intelligent machines (including intelligent robots) to replace work in hazardous, toxic, radioactive and other harmful environments and under heavy, arduous, repetitive, monotonous, high altitude, dusty and other difficult conditions to reduce the intensity of physical and intellectual work and protection of workers (health issue);
2) Using AI technology to design factories and mines, production workshops, sections and equipment, and to quickly optimize the design scheme and achieve the design intelligence of production;
3) Implementation of AI technology to fully achieve the production process;
4) Development of intelligent advisory and decision-making system: provide scientific advice, decision-making and production process management, and transition to intelligent production and human resource management;
5) Research and development of various expert systems for production planning: production process monitoring and control; intelligent error diagnosis of production systems and plants; and improving labor productivity and product quality.
AI developers combine and promote the characteristics of different companies Made in China 2025 and Internet + plans as opportunities. They seize the historic opportunity of the second machine revolution, achieve AI and vigorously develop these fields further. Smart technology and industry bring ideas to the “new” normal of the economy. The research, development and innovation capabilities of AI technology in the industrial field need to be improved; to develop high-level products and avoid repetition with low results and arbitrary competition. We must deepen the promotion and implementation of these technologies, and make the intelligent industry bigger and stronger.
As a high-tech segment, AI needs to innovate political mechanisms, management systems, market mechanisms, and performance transformation to create an excellent environment for its development and that of its industries, and to accompany the healthy progress of initiatives.
Policies need to be put in place to encourage the implementation of AI in technology promotion and market development, and expand support for national policies to attract new funding and applications, and move new technologies from the lab to the real world as quickly as possible . (10 continued).