The James Webb Telescope could change the way we think about the universe


The first image from the primary sensors on the James Webb was a deep field image modeled after the famous Hubble telescope deep field study.

The Hubble Deep Field images were the furthest distances a human eye had ever seen. For these images, the giant Hubble Space Telescope stared at a patch of dark sky the size of a grain of rice for ten days. Ten days!

The January 1996 Hubble image showed nearly 3,000 galaxies! Scientists were overwhelmed.

Try to imagine that. From the darkest point of the night sky, nearly 3,000 giant galaxies, most as large or larger than our own Milky Way.

Now, 27 years later, our next-generation telescope, the James Webb, has come online and produced a better image in under 12 hours than Hubble did in 10 days! This is orders of magnitude faster and the level of detail is significantly increased. The first image released is called SMACS 0723 and the image goes back 13.1 billion years.

Carina Nebula

NASA also released the beautiful photo of the Carina Nebula, the fine detail of which shows how much clearer the JWST is.

Stephan’s quintet reportedly reveals a supermassive black hole orbiting three galaxies. The Southern Ring Nebula highlights James Webb’s ability to see through gas impenetrable to Hubble.

Finally, the image of WASP-96 b highlights the JWST’s ability to spectrally analyze planets and determine the chemical composition of their atmospheres.

Also exciting for me was a picture of Jupiter that was published separately.

JWST can better analyze the local solar system and planets

JWST gets better images in a fraction of the time. Get ready for a significant increase in humanity’s understanding of the cosmos.

What secrets will James Webb reveal to us about the universe?

Let’s speculate, shall we?

What was your first impression when you watched the first JWST Deep Field? The badly named SMACS 0723?

I immediately thought it looked similar to our first microscopic images of pond water.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek’s discovery and study of microscopic organisms is one of the most notable achievements of the Golden Age of Dutch exploration.

Unfortunately, Leeuwenhoek never shared his lens construction techniques, which must have angered his contemporary Robert Hooke.

The non-dividing Dutchman discovered protists (tiny multicellular organisms) and bacteria (small unicellular microorganisms). He also found the vacuole (the cell’s internal organelles) and spermatozoa (the sperm cell).

Imagine that before 1623 mankind had no idea of ​​the scale and diversity of microscopic biological life. The scientific world was completely shocked. There were thousands of tiny life forms in a single drop of pond water? How could that be possible?

paradigm shift

Van Leeuwenhoek’s new technology had brought about a paradigm shift in mankind’s understanding of the universe.

Now, 400 years later, are there thousands of galaxies in a single dark spot in the sky? Scientists today are not only surprised by thousands of galaxies with billions of stars. They will continue to be surprised by the orderly structure of the cosmos, which they do not expect.

It was the structured order, which our laws failed to anticipate, that shocked scientists in the 1620s. He probably didn’t believe the data. How can you have order where we humans are not?

And yet the new JWST images will show us this. In just these five images, we see what appears to be ordered matter. Why and how do galaxies orbit a black hole? How can a black hole be so big? What is a black hole anyway? What about the long filament lines we see in the universe? Could there be a biological structure of the universe?

It turns out that there is a statistical correlation between the structure of the universe and the neural networks of the brain.

In 2020, researchers from the Istituto di Radio Astronomia in Bologna collaborated with the Department of Neurosciences at the University of Verona.

The paper, titled “the quantitative comparison between the neural network and the cosmic web,” compared the structure of tiny slices of the cerebellum and cortex to the design of the dark matter distribution of the cosmic web.

Some interesting points they found are water and dark matter, which make up about 75% of the medium. The similarities don’t stop there. When the researchers compared the density of the nodes (a neuron is a node in the brain, while a galaxy is a node in the universe), they found that the thickness of the neurons in the cerebellum matched dark matter patterns in the cosmos.

“The similarity between the cerebellum on scales of 0.01–1.6 mm and the dark matter distribution of the cosmic web on scales of 1–102 Mpc is striking.”

The authors also found that the density of other natural systems such as sky clouds, tree branches or MHD turbulence did not match the dark matter distribution.

The final results of the study “suggest that similar network configurations can arise from the interaction of vastly different physical processes, leading to similar levels of complexity and self-organization, despite the dramatic differences in spatial scales (ie 1027); of these two systems.”

The annual Nikon Small World Photomicrography Competition features amazing microscopic images. Many of these images are difficult to distinguish from the JWST images. What if we were just on one dimensional level of an unimaginably vast universe?

Although Galileo used lens technology 400 years ago to confirm that we are not the center of the universe, not much else has changed in our theories.

Finally the technology

Could it be that looking at the JWST images gave us the same glimpse into a world that we could not have imagined just a few years ago? When we finally had the technology to peer into the microscopic world, we were surprised to find life permeating every environment and ubiquitous wherever we looked. Why should it be any different considering the macroscopic world? What prevents us from making this connection?

What do you think? Did you see any interesting lights in the sky that you couldn’t explain? Let us know below The Portugal News! Check out my YouTube channel “Lehto Files”


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