Vietnam manages citizens with advanced population database | National

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Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh and other delegates press the button to launch the National Population Database and Citizen Card Management System (Photo: SGGP)

The Deputy Minister for Public Security, Nguyen Duy Ngoc, said at the meeting that “National Population Database” and “Creating, Issuing and Managing Chip-Based Citizens’ ID Cards” are the two largest and most important IT projects to set up an electronic and then a digital one Government in Vietnam.

So far, these two projects have essentially been completed. The National Population Database contains information on over 98 million Vietnamese citizens and is updated daily by its local counterparts in 63 provinces and municipalities. It is available for connection to other databases of other ministries and municipalities in order to serve the administrative reform process.

The Deputy Minister also said that each citizen’s ID number is extremely useful in that it can relate to various types of personal information, making management more convenient and less time-consuming and costly. His ministry is therefore endeavoring to issue chip-based citizenship cards for all adults as quickly as possible.

Deputy Minister Ngoc confirmed that with this new ID card, citizens will not need any additional documents related to personal data when transacting with companies, social organizations or government agencies. This is intended to help minimize the use of forged documents and reduce the cost of notarizing copies, while at the same time actively helping data subjects to protect their privacy.

However, the greatest challenge related to these two systems is the collection and management of information from non-Vietnamese citizens or who have not yet been identified but who have been living in Vietnam for a long time.

Another problem is the rapid migration of the population from one place to another, which leads to difficulties in updating adjustment information in the National Population Database. In addition, there is the potential risk of illegal access to this critical database.

In his speech, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh recognized the efforts of the relevant state officials in completing the two important projects in such a short period of time and said it was a valuable lesson for targeted and wisely managed public investment with the consent of all citizens.

He advocated the principle of developing, reviewing, adapting, monitoring and reviewing both projects at the same time so that every small mistake can be corrected in good time and wasted resources can be avoided.

The Prime Minister reiterated that the two IT projects are capable of transforming traditional population management into a more modern one, effectively addressing the lack of coherence in information monitoring between ministries and levels and creating favorable conditions for the introduction of online public services.

In addition, these systems contribute to the renewal of the administrative tasks of citizens and state units as well as the tasks of crime prevention and control.

Prime Minister Chinh also announced that the newly released strategy to develop electronic and then digital government in 2021-2025, with a direction to 2030, are the key population, land use and business databases and must be completed as soon as possible Establish consistency and close links between government agencies and ministries.

In order to build it successfully, the Prime Minister mentioned the need for strong determination by state officials in applying and mastering appropriate technologies, while encouraging innovation in developing appropriate digital infrastructure.

He suggested that any tasks that have been found to be effective and highly supported should be kept, but those that seem difficult to accomplish need to be tested first for the necessary adjustments. Resources need to be used in a practical and intelligent way for both long-term and urgent purposes such as Covid-19 prevention.

Finally, Prime Minister Chinh urged the Ministry of Public Security to focus more on the six major missions in the coming period, in particular on working with other ministries and communities in dealing with the current difficulties, inadequacies in institutions, mechanisms, Politics, authority and responsibility in the implementation of these two projects.

Von Do Trung – Translated by Vuong Huong

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